Questions We Are Asked Each Week By Clients...

We are often asked questions like how much should the insurance company pay?  How are my weekly benefits calculated?, etc.  So we have put together some of the questions we here the most and the answers to them.  We hope this helps you avoid making a mistake in your Iowa personal injury, car accident, dog bite, work injury or other injury matter.

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  • What Happens to My Case If The Courts Are Closed?

    What happens to my case if the courts are closedIf you have a Civil Jury Trial? On April 2, 2020, the Iowa Supreme Court issued an order stating that all civil jury trials set before August 3, 2020 will need to be continued.

    If you have a Workers' Compensation Trial/Hearing?  Presently, the Iowa Workers' Compensation Commissioner has ordered that all cases set for trial/hearing before June 16, 2020 shall be done through CourtCall which is a system similar to Zoom. It allows all parties, their attorneys, the judge/deputy, the court reporter and witnesses to all appear on their computers. Since the order came down, we have had a hearing through CourtCall and found that is worked pretty well. The alternative is that one or both parties can file a motion to continue the hearing in order to have an in person hearing by the end of the year which may or may not be granted.

    There are other rules for FED's forcible entry and detainers, bench trials, etc. that you can find at

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  • How our firm can help you during the Covid-19 epidemic

    Walker, Billingsley & Bair takes the safety of our clients and staff very seriously. Given the recent developments with the COVID-19 health crisis and directives from our state and national governments we are implementing the following policies:
    1) All appointments will be conducted by phone. For tax appointments, clients should drop off their 2019 tax documents ahead of their scheduled appointment. We will call at the scheduled time. If you do not want to have a phone appointment and would prefer to just drop off your documents, you may do that, and the tax return will be prepared as soon as possible.
    2) Signing of wills and other estate planning documents will be rescheduled after April 13.
    3) Our Newton office has a drop slot at the front of the building to drop paperwork off. If the documents will not fit through the drop slot, please call the office and we will make arrangements to have someone meet you at the door to accept the documents. In our other offices, please contact the office prior to coming or when you are outside so that someone will be available to accept the paperwork.
    4) Our lobby doors will be locked during business hours, but our staff and Attorneys will still be working and available to speak with you by phone or email.

    We are still here to help you with all your needs and still offering no-cost consultation for injury cases. Just call us at (641) 792-3595 or contact us here


    We appreciate everyone's patience during this time.

  • Why are Motorcycle Crashes on the Rise?

    During the past 10 years, more motorcycle riders have been getting injured or killed on our roadways.  Historically, August is one of the worst months for motorcycle riders.  Yes, overall there are more motorcycle riders on the roads than there were 10 years ago as more women have purchased motorcycles.  A sobering fact is that while motorcycles account for less than 1% of all vehicle miles in Iowa, they make up a much larger percentage of the crashes.  A whopping 14% of the fatalities and 16% of severe injuries are sustained by motorcycle riders each year in Iowa. 

    Motorcyclists are more vulnerable on the roadways as there is very little protection for the rider.  After a motorcycle accident, the injured rider needs good advice about how to deal with medical providers, the insurance companies, etc.  It is a common misconception that if the other driver is at fault, their car insurance will pay for the medical bill and expenses of the injured rider.

    How To Protect My Self And My Claim

    1. Seek treatment immediately and tell them everything that hurts.  If you are hurt, then you need to go immediately to the emergency room or your doctor.  Failing to seek medical treatment can not only result in your injuries being more severe but will also be used against you in your claim.  Also, make sure you tell your medical providers about all the areas that are injured including all pain and limitations you are having caused by the motorcycle accident. 

    2.  Don’t rush to settle your claim.  Often insurance companies will offer you a few thousand dollars to settle your case which may sound tempting.  However, if you sign the release and agree to the settlement you are not only giving up your rights but may have to pay for your medical care and treatment out of your pocket or reimburse your health insurance company. 

    3.  Don’t give a recorded statement to the insurance adjuster or sign anything.  Insurance adjusters are trained to ask you questions in such a way that later one can be used against you.  Giving a recorded statement seldom helps your case and often can hurt it.  Signing forms for an insurance company gives them access to information that has nothing to do with the accident and may result in them discovering information that they will use against you when it comes time to try to settle your case.    

    4.  Documentation.  Make sure to keep copies of work excuses, verification of time off work, lost pay, medical bills and records, police reports and also you should document in a journal each day how you are feeling. 

    5.  Never exaggerate your injuries.  Your medical records should provide the information about your injuries so long as you tell your providers everything that hurts.  Please don't try to make your medical condition sound worse than it is.  Exaggerating your injuries can severely damage the value of your case.    

    6.  Talk to an experienced injury attorney before you consider settling your case.  Insurance adjuster settles claims for a living.  You need a professional on your side to defend your rights and to protect you from getting ripped off by an insurance company.  Before you even consider a settlement, you should consult with a qualified injury attorney to find out what your rights are, other potential sources of recovery, issues dealing with medical bills and subrogation, etc. 

  • How do I file claim after motorcycle accident in Iowa?

    To file claim after motorcycle accident, you’ll need to establish injury or property loss, adhere to the statute of limitations, and hire a lawyer.  Consider these tips on how to successfully file a claim from our established motorcycle accident law firm.

    Seek Medical Attention and Save Records

    If you were injured in your motorcycle accident, the first thing that you need to do following the accident is to seek medical attention. Then, you need to gather all the documentation relevant to that medical care. When you file your claim with the insurance company, you’ll need to provide proof of your injuries and expenses.

    Review Your Policy

    All motorcyclists and motorists are required to carry proof of financial responsibility in Iowa, most typically in the form of car or motorcycle insurance. If you carry motorcycle insurance, then you need to review your policy as soon as possible after an accident. Often, default insurance coverage is not enough.

    If you were at fault for the accident and only have the basic coverage amount, then your policy will only pay up to that amount. If you have other types of coverage, though, like medical payments coverage, then you may be entitled to more money, regardless of who caused the accident.

    File in Time

    It’s extremely important that you notify your insurance company of your motorcycle accident immediately following the accident, and that you file your claim as quickly as possible. If you don’t, you may miss the stipulated time requirements and may see a denied claim. If you need to file a personal injury lawsuit to recover damages, you have two years under Iowa Code 614.1.

    Contact an Attorney

    Seeking medical attention and saving records, reviewing your policy, and filing your claim on time are all essential aspects of filing a claim after a motorcycle accident. To ensure that you get all the benefits, you also need to contact a motorcycle crash attorney.

    Having an attorney on your side can increase your chances of getting a higher compensation amount. In the event that your claim can’t be settled, an attorney can help you take it to court.

    At Walker, Billingsley & Bair, our attorneys can help you file your claim today. If you need an advocate to guide you through the process, our lawyers are ready to get to work. We have the determination and know-how you need! Call us at 888-435-9986 to get started now.

  • Are novelty motorcycle helmets safe versus DOT-certified helmets?

    All helmets are not equal – if you’re a motorcyclist, the helmet you choose can be key in keeping your head protected. While novelty motorcycle helmets may look attractive, they do not meet federal Department of Transportation (DOT) safety standards.

    What is a novelty helmet?

    A novelty motorcycle helmet is manufactured without meeting DOT safety regulations. DOT helmets meet FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards) number 218. Novelty helmets may have a thin padding and may be relatively lightweight. DOT helmets are usually heavier and have more padding than do novelty helmets.

    Novelty Motorcycle Helmet Performance Testing

    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) conducted performance testing on novelty helmets. A summary of that testing, published by the NHTSA in April 2007, concludes that “novelty helmets perform significantly worse in terms of their ability to absorb impact energy during a motorcycle crash.”

    In fact, a rider who is wearing a novelty helmet at the time of a crash and head impact has a 100 percent probability of brain injuries and/or skull fracture, per the NHTSA’s computer simulations. Essentially, wearing a novelty helmet at the time of crash, rather than a DOT-certified helmet, greatly increases a motorcyclist’s chance of sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI).

    How do I find a safe motorcycle helmet?

    Choosing style over safety can lead to catastrophic and fatal injuries. The NHTSA recommends that all motorcyclists, in order to identify a safe helmet, check for thick inner lining, sturdy chin straps and rivets, helmet weight, design of helmet, and the DOT-certified sticker. If a DOT sticker is not visible on a helmet, do not wear it while riding, as there is a strong possibility that the helmet will not adequately protect your head in the event of a crash.

    Don’t Wait Any Longer to Take Action

    If you currently have a novelty helmet and are using it for head protection while riding, take action now to replace the novelty helmet with a DOT-certified one. Doing so may save your life.

    In the event that you are in an accident and do sustain injuries, there are options for recovering money for your injuries, either through an insurance company or through a personal injury lawsuit. At Walker, Billingsley & Bair, our attorneys can help explain the advantages of filing a claim through each avenue. You can reach us now for answers to your legal questions at (888) 435-9886.

  • What areas are motorcycle blind spots all Des Moines drivers should know?

    Motorcycle blind spot areas all Des Moines drivers should know include the rear left and rear right of the motorcycle. Most people are aware of blind spots on cars and large trucks, and know to stay clear of them. But motorcycles, despite their small size, have a number of blind spots too. If you’re a motorcyclist or drive a passenger car in Des Moines, here’s some information about motorcycle blind spots you should know.

    Blind Spots are on the Rear-Left and Rear-Right of a Motorcycle

    Motorcyclists are lucky in that there aren’t a lot of obstructions to vision on a motorcycle. However, directly behind and to the right or the left are two blind spots that motorcyclists should be familiar with.

    How to Prevent a Motorcycle Accident

    While checking mirrors is a must, motorcyclists should also do a head check where they turn their head to make sure the blind spot is clear. By checking blind spots in this manner before changing lanes, you may be able to avoid driving into a lane that has an oncoming motorist.

    Also remember to stay out of passenger car blind spots (similar to motorcycle blind spots) and truck blind spots (in front, directly behind, and to the left and right of the truck).

    Other tips for safe riding include:

    • Always wear a motorcycle helmet
    • Wear the proper motorcycle riding gear
    • Drive sober
    • Plan your route in advance
    • Adhere to all posted traffic laws
    • Make sure your bike is in tip-top shape

    For regular motorists, remembering that motorcyclists have blind spots too and keeping a safe distance can help keep both you and the motorcyclist stay safe.

    What should I do if I am in an accident?

    If are in a car accident in Des Moines, you have a few options for financial recovery. If the accident was your fault, you can file a claim with your own insurance company if you have the appropriate coverage. Or, if the accident was the fault of another driver, you can file a claim with that driver's insurance company or file a lawsuit; you may also file a claim with your own insurer if you have the right coverage.

    Following an accident in Des Moines, the guidance of an attorney can be critical, especially if you’re not sure whether you should file a claim with the insurance company or file a lawsuit against the driver. In Iowa, you only have two years to file a claim for damages, so it’s important that you act quickly. At Walker, Billingsley & Bair, our personal injury attorneys can help you now. To get started, call us today at (888) 435-9886 or contact us online.

  • Can I file a motorcycle accident claim if I did not have a valid motorcycle license?

    If you were involved in a motorcycle accident in Des Moines and did not have a valid motorcycle license at the time, you may still file a motorcycle accident claim against the other driver. Not having a valid motorcycle license doesn’t necessarily have anything to do with fault in an accident and does not preclude you from filing a claim if the other driver caused the wreck.

    While you might face penalties for operating a motorcycle without a license, filing a motorcycle accident claim should follow the same procedure as filing any other accident liability claim.

    How do I establish that I’m not at fault?

    Thankfully, Iowa is a modified comparative fault state. According to Iowa’s modified comparative fault law, each driver involved in an accident may recover damages unless he or she is more than 51 percent responsible for the accident. So even if you were unlicensed, if your motorcycle accident claim establishes the other driver was mostly responsible for the accident, you can recover damages.

    Documentation of your motorcycle accident can help you prove fault, at the scene of the accident, you may have:

    • taken photographs;
    • collected witness testimony;
    • jotted down witness contact information;
    • made note of the other driver’s contact information; and/or
    • gotten the name of the driver’s insurance company.

    All of these items will come in handy when you file a claim against the other driver. Afterward, the first thing you must do when you are involved in a motorcycle accident is fill out an Iowa Accident Report if the accident resulted in death, personal injury, or total property damages of at least $1,500. If law enforcement investigated the accident, the report is not required. If you’re filling out the report, return it via mail to the Iowa Department of Transportation in Des Moines. Be sure to return the report within 72 hours.

    Once you have filled out an Iowa Accident Report and mailed the report to the Iowa Department of Transportation, you should file an accident claim. To file the claim, contact the other driver’s insurance company and report the accident. You may then present the evidence mentioned above to establish that the other driver is to blame for the accident.

    Will the insurance company blame me for the accident if I’m unlicensed?

    However, like filing any type of claim, filing a motorcycle accident claim can be a tedious task whether or not you had a valid license at the time of the accident. The insurer may try to argue that you were at fault for the accident and may attempt to convince you that not having a valid motorcycle license is indicative of your fault. Thus, you must present convincing evidence that you are less than 51 percent at fault and that the other driver is actually to blame.

    An attorney at Walker, Billingsley and Bair can provide you with legal counsel about filing a claim against the other driver involved in your motorcycle accident and can help you deal with insurance adjusters. Call us at (888) 435-9886 to set up a consultation.

  • Types of special motorcycle insurance coverage in Iowa?

    Iowa's financial responsibility requirement applies to motorcycles as well as motorists. The minimum requirements are $25,000 bodily injury liability insurance per person, $40,000 bodily injury liability per accident, and $15,000 property damage liability. Liability insurance covers damages that other motorists suffer for an accident the policyholder caused.

    Under the law, if a driver is in an accident or stopped by a police officer, they need to show proof of meeting the financial responsibility requirement, or the state may revoke the motorcyclist’s license.

    Also note that the auto insurance purchased for a car does not apply to a motorcycle. Each vehicle must have its own insurance.

    What insurance coverage can motorcyclists purchase?

    While required to carry liability insurance, there are other insurance policies motorcyclists may carry to protect themselves in the event of an accident. Check with the insurer if it offers a particular type of coverage for motorcycles.

    Some possible coverage options include:

    • Collision: This insurance covers damages for the policyholder in accidents with vehicles, objects or for rollovers/falls. Regardless of fault, policyholders will have money to repair or replace the bike after the accident.
    • Comprehensive: Comprehensive covers damage from fire, weather events, vandalism, floods, theft and animal damage to the bike.
    • Medical expense: This covers medical expenses for the policyholder regardless of fault in the accident, up to the policy limits.
    • Uninsured/underinsured motorists insurance (UM/UIM): This insurance covers you in the event you're in an accident with someone without insurance, if you exceed the at-fault driver's liability limits, or if the at-fault driver flees the scene.

    Some motorcyclists customize their bikes, so they may wish to purchase additional coverage for these accessories. Accessory or optional equipment coverage is for modifications and enhancements to the appearance or performance of a motorcycle. In the event of an accident, the coverage will allow the policyholder to recover the expenses he or she incurred customizing the bike.

    How do I file a motorcycle insurance claim?

    After any accident, you should save the:

    • accident report;
    • witness contact information;
    • other motorist's contact and insurance information;
    • photographs of the accident scene; and
    • photos of the bike.

    Let your insurance company know about the accident. Tell them who was involved and the basics of what happened. If another motorist is at fault and you’ll be filing a liability claim with his or her liability coverage, let that motorist’s insurance company know about the accident too.

    If you’re unable to recover fair compensation from the other driver’s insurance, you may have to file a lawsuit. Keep in mind you may be able to recover damages via your own insurance policy, provided you have applicable coverage like collision coverage or medical expense coverage.

    If you have more questions about motorcycle accident insurance claims and lawsuits, read Walker, Billingsley & Bair's guide to motorcycle accidents. We have years of experience dealing with these cases and can answer your questions and provide legal representation.

  • If I was not wearing a helmet and suffered severe head injuries in a motorcycle accident, can I still file a claim?

    While many motorcyclists in Des Moines like to ride without a helmet – which is their legal right – it can contribute to devastating injuries in the event of an accident. According to a 2012 factsheet provided by the Governor’s Traffic Safety Bureau, over the past five years, 83 percent of all individuals killed while riding motorcycles in the state were not wearing helmets.

    For those who survive a motorcycle crash in Iowa while not wearing helmets, there may be large monetary costs associated with the physical rehabilitation and medical treatments for head and spine injuries. In that case, the injured should speak with an attorney who is familiar with how helmet laws and helmet use might affect a claim for compensation.

    Iowa Motorcycle Helmet Laws

    Iowa does not have any law in place that requires motorcyclists to ride with helmets. Although this has led to debates over whether or not more lives could be saved if a law was in place, it does mean that riders who were not wearing a helmet at the time of an accident were not breaking the law. That said, because of the comparative negligence laws in the state, failure to use a motorcycle helmet may affect an injured biker's recovery of damages in some cases.

    Comparative Negligence in Iowa

    The state also uses a system of comparative negligence when examining liability in a car accident. This ultimately means that a party injured in a motorcycle or car accident may be awarded a percentage of damages minus the share of the blame they are assessed. If the rider is more than 50 percent at fault for an accident and injuries, however, the injured rider will not be eligible to recover any compensation at all.

    In the case of a motorcycle accident claim, if the injured party suffered head and/or spine injuries in a wreck but was not wearing a helmet at the time, the rider may be deemed partially at fault for neglecting to wear a helmet to protect his or her head and neck. Thus, the injured motorcyclist may not recover the full amount of damages.

    Of course, if the rider broke his or her leg and suffered no head injuries, then helmet use would not be a factor in the case and would not affect recovery of damages.

    Contact an Attorney for Help after a Des Moines Wreck

    Because the laws regarding motorcycle helmets and fault in motorcycle accidents can be difficult to navigate, it is important to speak to an accident attorney if you have suffered head injuries and were not wearing a motorcycle helmet. The attorneys at Walker, Billingsley & Bair can help you understand the laws that pertain to your case and compile the evidence you need for your accident claim. Feel free to contact us today at (888) 435-9886 to set up an initial consultation. You also can contact us online.

  • Does Iowa have any motorcycle helmet laws?

    Iowa does not have any motorcycle helmet laws requiring motorcyclists wear head protection. There are no fines for not wearing a helmet. Motorcyclists can decide on their own whether to wear protective gear.

    While motorcyclists in other states lawfully may be allowed not to wear a helmet, most states have certain criteria they must meet first. And many states have laws requiring riders of a certain age wear a helmet. So Iowa is somewhat unique in having no laws requiring motorcycle helmets – or eye protection for that matter.

    Doesn't Iowa have to enforce motorcycle helmet laws?

    No. In 1967, the federal government enacted a law stating all states must enact a universal motorcycle helmet law or it would retract certain state highway funds. But in 1976, Congress retracted this mandate and simply stated that states should implement helmet laws. Iowa once had a universal motorcycle helmet law but retracted it in 1986.

    There are three states that do not have motorcycle helmet laws: Iowa, Illinois and New Hampshire. The 47 other states have some motorcycle helmet laws, and 19 states have instituted laws requiring all riders to wear a helmet.

    Should I wear a helmet?

    Legally, that's up to you. Of course, motorcyclists should be aware that wearing a helmet could prevent or reduce the severity of a head injury. It could even save your life. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that in 2008, motorcycle helmets saved 1,829 lives. And helmets could have saved another 822 lives had the riders been wearing one.

    But aside from the health and safety reasons to wear a helmet, choosing not to wear one could affect you in another way. If you're in an accident, whether you were wearing a helmet may be relevant if you file a claim against a driver who caused your crash.

    How might motorcycle helmet use affect my accident claim?

    Even though Iowa does not have a motorcycle helmet law, if you choose not to wear one, it might affect your comparative negligence if you suffer head injuries in an accident – even if you didn't cause the accident. For example, if another driver merges into your lane and runs you off the road, causing you to suffer a head injury, not wearing a helmet could mean you're partially liable for the injury.

    As such, it could reduce your settlement proportional to the percentage of fault assigned to you. If you're assigned 15 percent of the fault, for example, and you suffered $20,000 in damages, you'd collect $17,000 instead of the full $20,000.

    Your attorney might argue that wearing a helmet would not have prevented or reduced severity of the injury, but this is a challenge you could face. On the other hand, if you suffered leg injuries, helmet use would not have affected your injuries, so it would not be relevant to your case.

    If you're ever in an accident, discuss helmet use with an attorney and how it might affect your particular case. You also can check out our free guide, Iowa Consumer's Guide to Motorcycle Crashes. Call us at (888) 435-9886.